Realidades 1 Chapter 2A

Capítulo 2A (Your school day)
• Talk about school subjects and classes
• Discuss what students do during the day
• Ask and tell who is doing an action
• Compare your school with one from a different country

Capítulo 2A

E-book Student home page to review all material for each chapter, includes songs, puzzles and more.. check it out at:
Body parts

Acabar de + infinitive (and other infinitive phrases)

Objectives:  Talk about school schedules and subjects.  Discuss what students do during the day. Ask and tell who is doing an action.  compare your school with that of a student in a Spanish-speaking country. Standards: 1.1,1.2,1.3,2.2,3.1,4.1,4.2
A Primera Vista: p74-77 includes video clip using vocabulary. p96 flashcards. 
practice: p75&77 go-online, p75& 77 mas práctica, p53-62 guided workbook.

Manos a la obra:p 78-89.   Difference among sr. , srita, srta.  p

Sentences in Spanish have first a subject pronoun, then a conjugated verb, article, noun and adjective.  The word “no” goes before the verb.
p82 Subject pronoun with GramActiva Video.  practice: p83 go-online & mas practica. p63-64 guided workbook. p83 actividad 11-12.
Must introduce the verb Ser and conjugation using  subject pronouns. 

How to play the Subject Pronoun Game by Rodney Grantham

The subject pronouns in both English and Spanish are divided into singular and plural subjects.  The singular subject pronouns are:
I     =yo
You  = tú
You  = Ud. (see notes below)
He  =    él  (see notes below)
She  = ella
Usted (Ud.)
Ud. (Usted) means “you”!!!!   It is simply a formal version of the subject pronoun you.  This subject pronoun is used when one wishes to address someone formally.   This would be similar to people in the southern United States adding “Sir” or “Ma’am”  when speaking to
adults.  Ud. must be added to the sentence when it is used.  This is due to the similarity
of the conjugations used by the subject pronouns “he” and “she.” Ud. can represent either masculine or feminine subjects.   Apply the same principal to the Ustedes (Uds.) from and its similarities to the ellos/ellas forms as well.   We will discuss those forms a little later.
¿De dónde es Ud.? = Where are you from, Sir /Ma’am?
¿De dónde es ella?  Where is she from?
¿De dónde es él ?   Where is he from?
* él
When él is capitalized, at the beginning of a sentence, the accent may be added or omitted.  Since the subject pronoun, Él or El, is usually followed by a verb it can be distinguished from the definite article “el” meaning “the” which is usually followed by a noun.
El professor… –   The professor…              El va a hablar… – He is going to speak…
       (noun)       (noun)               (or)  Él va a hablar… – He is going to speak…
The plural subject pronouns are really a mirror image of the singular subject pronouns but in plural form.  I will explain that statement in greater detail in a moment.   First, let’s look at what the plural subject pronouns are and then we shall look at how they are formed from their singular counterparts.
We = nosotros / nosotras
You = vosotros / vosotras
You = Ustedes / Uds. (see notes on Ud.)
They = ellos
They = ellas
The plural subject pronouns are simply formed by combining any of the singular subject pronouns together.  It really is one big subject pronoun game.  All you need to know is how the subject pronouns combine.
·         When Yo (I) is combined with any other subject pronoun then it always makes nosotros / nosotras (we).  Nosotras is only used if the group is made up of all females.  If there are any males involved then nosotros is used.

You and I are we.                Tú y yo somos nosotros (nosotras).

She and I are we.                Ella y yo somos nosotros (nosotras).

Depending on who you and I are, the pronoun can be either masculine or feminine.  For example, if I am a female then she and I would be nosotras.  If you are a female and I am also a female then You and I would be nosotras as well.  Apply this same concept used with tú to the vosotros (as) forms.
·         When tú (you) is combined with any other subject, except for “yo”, is always makes vosotros / vosotras (you) in Spain.  In Latin American and the Caribbean countries the formal Uds. (you) is used in place of vosotros (as).   Vosotros (as) and Uds. are used much like the “Y’all” of the South vernacular.  Apply the tú concept used in nosotros (as) when it comes to the gender of the pronoun.

tú y ella = Vosotros (as) Spain or Uds. Latin America

tú y él =   Vosotros (as) Spain or Uds. Latin America

Oh! By they way, vernacular means the language or dialect spoken by ordinary people in a particular country or region.  🙂
Ustedes (Uds.) is used exactly like the pronoun Usted (Ud.) except in plural form.  The same rules apply as to the addition of Uds. to the sentence when it is implied.  It conjugation is similar to the conjugations for ellos and ellas.
·         When él (he) and ella (she) are combined they form ellos (they) or ellas (they).  Ellas is only used when the group is made up of all females.

él y ella = ellos      he and she = they

ella y ella = ellas           she and she = they

él y él = ellos                 he and he = they

Asking questions

When you are asking or answering a question, it is important to know how to respond.  Let’s take a look at how the subject pronouns interact with each other when questions are being asked.
If the question is being asked using the second person singular, also known as tú (you informal) or Ud. (you formal), then you will respond to the question in the first person singular also known as yo (I).
¿Cómo estás?  – How are you?    Estoy bien. – I am well.
¿Cómo está Ud.? – How are you?    Estoy muy bien. – I am very well.
If the question is asked in the third person singular also known as él (he) and ella (she), then you will respond using the same subject and verb that was used in the question.  Since you are talking about the same subject in both the question and the answer, there is no need to change the subject nor the verb.
¿Cómo es ella?  – What is she like?                       ¿Cómo es él? – What is he like?
Ella es alta. –  She is tall.                                       Él es alto.  – He is tall.
Since your plural pronouns are mirror images of the singular pronouns then they work the same way as their singular counterparts.  Treat the second person plural known as vosotros (as) (you) and Ustedes (Uds.) (you)  as you would the second person singular of tú or Ud. Instead of responding in the first person singular of yo (I) use the first person plural form known as nosotros (as) (we).
¿Cómo estáis vosotros? – How are you all?   ¿Cómo están Uds.? – How are you all?
Estamos bien.  – We are well.                                 Estamos muy bien. – We are very well.
Use the third person plural forms of ellos and ellas as you would él and ella.  If the question is asked using the third person plural then respond using the same subject and verb conjugation that was used in the question.
Subject pronouns
1st  person    yo
2nd person    tú
                    Usted (Ud.)
3rd person     él
1st  person    nosotros / nosotras
2nd person    vosotros / vosotras (in Spain)
                    Ustedes (Uds.)
3rd person     ellos
Conjugating verbs in the main concept of this course.  Make sure you memorize the endings and their order (according to the subject pronoun).
p84 Present tense of -ar conjugation GramActica video clip.  práctica p85 actividad 14, p86 act 16. p85 go-online & mas práctica. p65-66 guided workbook. Smartboard lesson with conjugation dice/spinner, CPS (multiple-choice quiz).  Dry-erase board practice & handouts available.  
Lectura ¡Adelante!& cultura en vivo: p90-92  
p93   oral presentation.  
Write about your schedule  and must have a minimum of four classes.  Student will give the hour and the subject, Describe the class, state the teacher and describe him/her for each subject during the day.  Student will use the chart described on pg 93 ONLY when giving their oral presentation within 60 seconds.   Model:  La primera hora tengo la clase de español.  La clase es divertida. La profesora es Sra. Hernandez y ella es trabajadora.
p94-95 Facts about Mexicoclose reading questions:
1. how many years did the Maya empire existed?
2. What current countries were part of the Mayan Empire?
3. Explain which activity takes place in Mexico from November to February AND why butterfly are important to us (humans)?
4. What are the advantages and disadvantages to the location of the capital of Mexico?
5. What city does the floating garden resembles in Mexico?
 6.  How does Mexico and USA benefit from each other?
Chapter review:  p97 go-online /MindQuiz game
Ready for chapter 2A TEST/ASSESSMENT
Level 1 Skinny classes  Midterm will cover from chapter PE – 2A.  Review  Chapter PE – 2A for a midterm of 100 multiple-choice questions.  It will be all in Spanish except a few questions in English about the Spanish grammar;therefore, knowing the vocabulary is important in order to be successful on the midterm. Look at the school schedule for the exam dates . 

Quizlet Vocab Activities Chap 2A

Lesson Ideas for Teachers

Chapter 2A

Capitulo: 2A

Capítulo 2A
test review
Subject pronouns:

Vosotros is where the Spanish flag is. This is the familiar plural of tú, used in Spain only.

S.P. powerpoint
regular -ar, -er, -ir verbs
Explanation –
practice –
Quiz –
Realidades 1: Capítulo 2A List of WordsFlashcards

Spanish Ordinal Numbers

spanish ordinal numbers

hear audio mp3Click to hear an mp3

This is a list of the ordinal numbers in Spanish and English from 1-20, created for use in the dual language or Spanish language classroom....@Sarah Chintomby Bellak

Me encanta escribir en español: soler

Notice that the words for 1st (primer, primero, primera) and 3rd (tercer, tercero, tercera) both drop the final “O” if they come before a masculine singular noun – for example:

Chapter 2 A –


to talk about your school day

Me encanta escribir en español: gustar

to talk about the order of things
Ordinal Numbers

Page 6 (to talk about the order of things)
Page 7 (to talk about the order of things)
Page 8 (to talk about the order of things)

Números Ordinales de 1 a 10 – Ordinal Numbers – ordinal numbers

Page 10 (Review – Adjectives)
to talk about things you need for school
To talk about things you need for school

Póster educativo - clase de español

to describe your classes
other useful words


Games: 2A 2A battleship 2A battleship  2A hangman (explanation of regular verbs) (explanation of regular AR verbs) (fill in the blank AR verbs) 2a hangman

2A – (copy)


QUIZ – Chapter 2a (to talk about your school day)
QUIZ – Chapter 2a (to talk about the order of things)
QUIZ – Chapter 2a (to talk about things you need for school)
QUIZ – Chapter 2a (to describe your classes)
QUIZ – Chapter 2a (other useful words)

-ar ending verbs, study and practice:


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